Motivational processing of food cues in anorexia nervosa: a pilot study.

Current literature suggests an increased attentional bias toward food stimuli in eating-disordered individuals compared to healthy controls. In line with these research efforts, the present study aims to investigate the processing of food stimuli (enriched by emotional stimuli) between patients diagnosed for anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls by means of electroencephalography. Twenty-two female adolescents (eleven AN patients vs. eleven healthy controls) were investigated.

The Effectiveness of Visual Short-Time Neurofeedback on Brain Activity and Clinical Characteristics in Alcohol Use Disorders: Practical Issues and Results.

The present study was carried out to examine the efficacy of alpha/theta neurofeedback (NF) with a new visual paradigm in a cohort of alcohol use disordered (AUD) patients (n = 25) treated in an Austrian therapeutic community center.

Psychophysiological aspects of stress-coping and anxiety in patients with SUD

Aims: Present research suggests that stress and anxiety are playing an important role in origin and perpetuation of substance use disorders (SUD). This study examined if patients with SUD differed from healthy controls in their anxiety, their psychological and physiological stress-task-related- and general stress-coping. Methods: 41 patients with SUD diagnosed by ICD- 10 are compared with 41 healthy students as controls.

The affective processing of food stimuli in patients with anorexia nervosa: an ERP-study

Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are more emotionally involved with food stimuli (Giel et al., 2011). More emotional arousal is associated with higher amplitudes of evoked potentials in the EEG (Cuthbert et al., 2000). Objective: Investigation of neural correlates measured by EEG (visually evoked potentials) that are associated with the reactions to food and emotional stimuli in AN patients. Methods: 13 AN patients and 13 healthy controls watched food and emotional pictures during EEG measurement.

Therapeutic effects of neurofeedback in anorexia nervosa – preliminary results

Theoretical Background: Current literature shows that patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) exhibit reduced relative alpha power and increased beta power in the EEG (Hatch et al., 2010). Neurofeedback as operant conditioning technique is supposed to lead to an increase of positive therapy outcome by changing long-lasting EEG frequency patterns and by regulating the “hyperarousal” found in AN patients (Gunkelman & Johnstone, 2005).

Soul Darkness? Dimensions of Religious/ Spiritual Well-Being among Mood-Disordered Inpatients Compared to Healthy Controls

Background: Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be substantially associated with a variety of mental health and illness parameters. However, relevant empirical evidence is sparse, and more research is needed in order to further understand what role religiosity/spirituality plays in the development, progression and healing process of a psychiatric disease. Thus, the purpose of this study was to find out more information about the religious/spiritual needs of anxious/depressive inpatients.