Structure and Content of the religious/spiritual well-being among psychiatric in-patients: a multidimensional assessmen

Objectives: To determine if the structure and centrality of the religious/spiritual construct system are associated with personality dimensions and psychopathological symptoms and to make clear  any differences between addiction patients, general psychiatric patients and healthy controls? Methods: In total 420 people of both sexes were included in the study.

Are structure and centrality of the religious-spiritual construct system associated to personality dimensions and psychopathological symptoms?

In total 420 persons of both sexes were examined: Religiosity and spirituality were investigated in clinically well characterized detoxified addicts (N=120), depressive in-patients (N=100), and persons with no psychiatric diagnosis/treatment in their biography (N=200) using a Multidimensional Inventory for Religious-Spiritual Well-Being (MIRSWB 48) in combination with the Centrality Scale (C-Scale) and the Structure of Religiosity Test (RST). Personality dimensions were investigated using the Six Factors of Personality Test (6F Test).

Structure and centrality of religiosity/spirituality among psychiatric in-patients

Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the linkage between differences in religious/spiritual well-being to personality and mental illness in psychiatric patients and healthy controls.
Methods: Addiction patients (N=120), depressive patients (N=100) and healthy controls (N=200) were given a multidimensional questionnaire for religious/spiritual well-being in combination with well established measures for personality/psychiatric diagnostics. Data were evaluated using descriptive methods, regression analysis and GLM multivariate.

The role of immanent and transcendent hope in addiction therapy – hope as an antagonist

Introduction: Various disciplines describe hope generally as an essential aspect of being human from birth to death. Hope can take the form of longing and significantly motivate one to adopt a different path in life and it also might serve as part of one’s coping strategy in the therapy process. The study focus was on the concept of hope concerning the immanent and transcendent area of perception. Immanent and transcendent hope should be connected to different parameters of mental health and illness.

Religious/spiritual well-being and locus of control among addicts taking part in long-term therapy

Introduction & Theoretical Background:  The primary objective was to determine whether religious/spiritual well-being shows a relevant association with Rotter´s concept of locus of control (LOC) among a sample of well characterized addiction patients involved in long term therapy. The internal-external locus of control should be taken as a multidimensional construct and concerns expectancies of control, as they may relate to adjustment and clinical improvement.

The Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB 48): A recently developed scale applicable to addiction research and other fields

Introduction/Theoretical Background: The concept of religious/spiritual well-being was developed via an interdisciplinary approach combining pastoral theology, pastoral psychology and clinical psychology. In the context of Antonovsky’s model of salutogenesis, one of the main aims of this research project concerning the role of religiosity/spirituality in the processes of health and disease was the construction of a multidimensional questionnaire to measure religious/spiritual well-being based on a new theoretical concept.

Different Types of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being in Relation to Personality and Subjective Well-Being

In this study the authors attempt to present different types of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (RSWB) and discuss their relation to personality and psychological well-being. The Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being 48 is employed for this study, which consists
of 6 subscales. To find different types of RSWB, an agglomerative cluster analysis on these subscales was performed based on the responses obtained in a nonclinical adult sample (n = 463). A 4-cluster solution was accepted. The clusters were labeled as Religious/Spiritual High,

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and their relation to Personality and Psychological Well-Being

This study aims at investigating the relationship between Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and indicators of Psychological Well-Being (Global Religiosity, Hierarchy of Needs, Sense of Coherence) and the Big Five personality dimensions (including ‘‘Piety”). Religiosity/spirituality was measured by means of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being which consists of six different subscales dealing with different facets of religiosity and spirituality (e.g. General Religiosity, Forgiveness or Hope).