Proinflammatory gene expression from peripheral blood cells in patients with fructose/lactose intolerance and healthy controls.

Background Nutrition with antioxidant capacity can have important effects on the proinflammatory status of individuals. Fruit and vegetable consumption was been reported to influence proinflammatory gene expression. Patients with fructose/lactose intolerance represent a group of controlled dieters. The current study assessed the potential difference of proinflammtory gene expression between fructose/lactose intolerant patients and healthy controls. Methods In total 71 subjects were investigated.

Insulin and hippocampus activation in response to images of high-calorie food in adolescent obesity

Responsiveness to food cues, especially those associated with high-calorie nutrients may be a factor underlying obesity. An increased motivational potency of foods appears to be mediated in part by the hippocampus. To clarify this, we investigated by means of 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the activation of the hippocampus and associated brain structures in response to pictures of high-calorie and low-calorie foods in 12 obese and 12 normal-weight adolescents.