The Impact of Neurofeedback-Training on the affective rating of different image categories in Anorexia Nervosa

Background: The clinical picture of anorexia nervosa represents a severe disease, during which serious physical and mental complications can occur. Girls and young women are most affected, the aetiopathogenesis is usually multifactorial.

Proinflammatory gene expression from peripheral blood cells in patients with fructose/lactose intolerance and healthy controls.

Background Nutrition with antioxidant capacity can have important effects on the proinflammatory status of individuals. Fruit and vegetable consumption was been reported to influence proinflammatory gene expression. Patients with fructose/lactose intolerance represent a group of controlled dieters. The current study assessed the potential difference of proinflammtory gene expression between fructose/lactose intolerant patients and healthy controls. Methods In total 71 subjects were investigated.

Effekte eines Alpha-Neurofeedbacktrainings in der Behandlung von Anorexia nervosa

Neurofeedback (EEG-Biofeedback) ist ein Frequenzbandtraining und basiert auf dem Prinzip der operanten Konditionierung. Durch die Trainingsprozesse sollen Selbstregulationsprozesse gefördert werden und Fehlregulationen in kortikalen Strukturen minimiert werden. Der Einsatz von Neurofeedback im Bereich von Essstörungen basiert auf Erkenntnissen von Studien, die massive EEG-Veränderungen bei PatientInnen mit Anorexia nervosa (AN) nachweisen konnten. Diese Veränderungen beziehen sich hauptsächlich auf eine erhöhte Beta- sowie eine verringerte Alphaaktivierung in frontalen Hirnregionen.

“Spiritus contra Spiritum?”: Spiritual Well-Being and Depression Among Male Alcohol Dependents in Treatment

There is an ongoing discussion concerning the role of spirituality in alcoholism treatment. The main purpose of this study was to find out more about the spiritual needs among alcohol dependents.Spiritual well-being (SWB) and religious coping (RC) in the context of suicidal/depressive symptoms were investigated twice in 81 wellcharacterized male alcoholic inpatients, pre- and postwithdrawal treatment. Although suicidal/depressive symptoms decreased substantially as a result of the intervention, no changes were found with respect to SWB and RC.

Creativity: Genius, Madness, or a Combination of Both?

We investigated the relationship between creativity, personality, latent inhibition (LI), and psychopathology. For this purpose, a sample of actors, 2 clinical samples (alcohol and polydrug dependents), and a group of university students were compared with respect to psychometrically determined creativity, personality, and LI. The results suggest that actors and polydrug dependents can be characterized by (a) high scores in the personality dimension psychoticism, (b) high originality during creative idea generation, and (c) decreased LI as compared with the other groups.

Therapeutic effects of neurofeedback in anorexia nervosa – preliminary results

Theoretical Background: Current literature shows that patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) exhibit reduced relative alpha power and increased beta power in the EEG (Hatch et al., 2010). Neurofeedback as operant conditioning technique is supposed to lead to an increase of positive therapy outcome by changing long-lasting EEG frequency patterns and by regulating the “hyperarousal” found in AN patients (Gunkelman & Johnstone, 2005).

The affective processing of food stimuli in patients with anorexia nervosa: an ERP-study

Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are more emotionally involved with food stimuli (Giel et al., 2011). More emotional arousal is associated with higher amplitudes of evoked potentials in the EEG (Cuthbert et al., 2000). Objective: Investigation of neural correlates measured by EEG (visually evoked potentials) that are associated with the reactions to food and emotional stimuli in AN patients. Methods: 13 AN patients and 13 healthy controls watched food and emotional pictures during EEG measurement.

The role of belief processes and the psychotic experience

Studies indicate that religious and spiritual dimensions are positively related to all forms of mental health, including indicators of subjective well-being and personality factors. It has also been suggested that religious/spiritual well-being might play an important role in the development, course and recovery of mental illness. However, despite such claims, there have been numerous recordings of delusions and hallucinations adopting a religious nature. Furthermore, there is some evidence that religion and spirituality can be harmful for patients with psychosis.

Spirituality and the “other”: religious and spiritual well-being from a transcultural psychological perspective

The impact of current demographic changes on clinicians work is manifold. The effects of migration range from the need to deal with transcultural issues to religion and spirituality experiencing somewhat of a revival. According to various studies, new cultural settings make certain ethnic minorities more susceptible to mental disorders and psychiatric conditions. Since they are faced with cross-cultural power relations, postcolonial structures and a hegemonic health model, often, they do not receive appropriate psychological or psychotherapeutical treatment.

The English Version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/ Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB-E): First Results from British College Students

Introduction: There has been a steadily growing interest in religious/spiritual issues in several areas of psychology in recent years. However, progress in this field is being hampered by the lack of reliable and valid measures of assessment for different facets
of religiosity/spirituality. Motivated by our positive experience with the German speaking version of the so-called Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, we developed an English-speaking version of this scale (MI-RSWB-E) in order to make it accessible for a broader scientific audience.

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being: The Italian Version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (IMBRS)

The Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) was originally developed in German language at the University of Graz (Austria). It deals with the different facets of religiosity and spirituality and their link to psychological well-being. The scale makes a differentiation between the immanent and transcendent field and consists of three subscales relating to the immanent area (Hope Immanent, Forgiveness, and Experiences of Sense and Meaning) and three relating to the transcendent one (General Religiosity, Hope Transcendent, and Connectedness).

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-being in relation to personality structure and mental health

There is substantial evidence for dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-being (RSWB) being positively related with varying indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and particular facets of personality structure. It has also been suggested that dimensions of RSWB might play an important role in the development, course and recovery of mental illness. Despite such claims, there have been numerous recordings of delusions and hallucinations adopting a religious nature.