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Sucht als Bindungsstörung

Hintergrund: Wenngleich es bis heute kein allgemein akzeptiertes Modell zur Beschreibung der Entstehung und Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen gibt, stellt die Bindungstheorie bereits seit Jahrzehnten eine bedeutsame Basis für den klinisch-therapeutischen Umgang mit Suchterkrankungen dar. In dieser Arbeit soll ein systematischer Überblick der empirischen Studien zum Zusammenhang zwischen substanzgebundenen Süchten und Störungen des Bindungsverhaltens gegeben werden.

Integrative Gestalttherapie in Österreich. Ausbildungs- und Berufsbedingungen, Kohärenzgefühl und Burn-out

Hintergrund. Es gibt nur wenige Studien, die sich sowohl mit den verschiedenen Aspekten der Psychotherapieausbildung in Österreich als auch mit dem psychischen Wohlbefinden und der beruflichen Entwicklung von PsychotherapeutInnen beschäftigen.

Addiction as an Attachment Disorder: White Matter Impairment Is Linked to Increased Negative Affective States in Poly-Drug Use

Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls.

Professional and training conditions of Austrian Integrative Gestalt therapists in the context of Sense of Coherence and Burnout

Background: Only a few studies have been conducted focusing on the different aspects of psychotherapy training as being related to personality variables and professional development. Objectives: Therefore, graduates of Gestalt therapy in Austria have been questioned in regards to psychotherapy training, their current work situation, as well as having their Sense of Coherence and Burnout symptoms quantified. Materials and methods: Between October 2015 and April 2016, 62 psychotherapists completed a sociodemographic questionnaire developed in

Spirituality and mood pathology in severe skin conditions: A prospective observational study

Although the association between spirituality and parameters of psychological health and disease has been investigated extensively, little evidence is available for its potential role in dermatology. In a single-centre observational prospective study, 149 outpatients (107 women) with systemic sclerosis (SSc; n=44), lupus erythematosus (LE; n=48), or early-stage malignant melanoma  (MM; n=57) were investigated using the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being together with the Brief Symptom Inventory for psychiatric symptoms (BSI-18).

Insecure Attachment Styles and Increased Borderline Personality Organization in Substance Use Disorders

Background: Previous research has linked insecure attachment styles and borderline personality organization to Substance Use Disorder (SUD). However, it still remains unclear whether those impairments apply to different kinds of SUDs to the same extent.

Facets of Spirituality Diminish the Positive Relationship between Insecure Attachment and Mood Pathology in Young Adults

Traditionally, in attachment theory, secure attachment has been linked to parameters of mental health, while insecure attachment has been associated with parameters of psychopathology. Furthermore, spirituality and attachment to God have been discussed as corresponding to, or compensating for, primary attachment experiences. Accordingly, they may contribute to mental health or to mental illness.

EEG Neurofeedback Effects in Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa

A pre-post design including 22 females was used to evaluate the effectiveness of neurofeedback in the treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa. Resting EEG measures and a psychological test-battery assessing eating behavior traits, clinical symptoms, emotionality, and mood were obtained. While both the experimental (n = 10) and control group (n = 12) received their usual maintenance treatment, the experimental group received 10 sessions of individual alpha frequency training over a period of 5 weeks as additional treatment.

The relationship between Yoga Involvement, Mindfulness and psychological well-being

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine how different levels of yoga involvement are related to different parameters of mental health and illness. Design and Setting: A total sample of 455 participants (410 females) was investigated by means of an internet survey. 362 yoga practitioners (327 females) rated their degree of yoga involvement on the Yoga Immersion Scale.

[Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa: a Case Report]

Anorexia nervosa has been related to alterations in brain activity in terms of hyperactive EEG patterns. This case report illustrates the principles and results of a five-week neurofeedback treatment in a 29-year-old woman suffering from anorexia nervosa. A neurofeedback protocol to enhance alpha activity (8 - 12 Hz) was developed and conducted additionally to the standardized treatment for eating disorders in training sessions twice a week. Pre- and post-test measurements included resting state EEG measurements and a psychological test battery.

The Validation of a Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Inventory of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being in Mexican College Students

After the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) was validated as a reliable instrument for the Western European context it is primarily intended in this study to translate the measure into Spanish and adapt it for the Mexican culture. Furthermore we investigate whether spirituality/religiosity has a similar impact on indicators of personality and subjective well-being in Mexico as it does in samples drawn from Western European cultures.

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