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Kreativität bei Drogenkonsumierenden, Drogenabhängigen und Drogenentwöhnten

Das Hauptziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war es, Unterschiede zwischen unterschiedlichen Gruppen von Drogenabhängigen (SubstitutionspatientInnen, n = 14; abstinente Personen auf einer Langzeit-Rehabilitation, n = 12) und Cannabis-KonsumentInnen (n = 13) im Vergleich zu einer gesunden Kontroll-Gruppe (n = 18) in Bezug sowohl auf verbale und figurale Kreativität als auch auf allgemeine kognitive Leistungsfähigkeit zu untersuchen. Die ProbandInnen bearbeiteten mehrere Verfahren zur Erfassung unterschiedlicher Facetten der Kreativität, Intelligenz und Persönlichkeit sowie der Symptombelastung.

Das Multidimensionale Inventar zum religiös-spirituellen Befinden (MI-RSB): Normwerte für die österreichische Allgemeinbevölkerung.

Das Multidimensionale Inventar zum religiös-spirituellen Befinden (MI-RSB) wurde im Rahmen eines interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekts von Klinischer Psychologie und Pastoraltheologie entwickelt. Ausgehend von einem multidimensional konzipierten Konstrukt des religiös-spirituellen Befindens werden dabei insgesamt sechs Bereiche der Befindlichkeit hinsichtlich des immanenten sowie des transzendenten Wahrnehmungsraums erfasst. Immanente Bereiche sind „Hoffnung immanent", „Vergebung", „Erfahrungen von Bedeutung und Sinn".

Spiritualität und Sucht: Gottesbeziehung von Abhängigen im Vergleich zu allgemein-psychiatrischen Patienten

In „Spiritus contra Spiritum“ (sinngemäß: der „Heilige Geist“ gegen den „Geist im Alkohol“) finden der Schweizer Psychoanalytiker C. G. Jung und Bill Wilson, Mitbegründer der Anonymen Alkoholiker, eine gemeinsame Formel zur Suchtbekämpfung: Demnach kann nur einer von beiden dem Menschen inne wohnen bzw. „treibt der eine den anderen gleichsam aus“ (Briefwechsel Jung/Wilson, 1961). Auch lässt sich historisch betrachtet schon bei William James (1902) die Einschätzung finden, dass die vollständige Heilung einer Suchterkrankung insbesondere durch „leidenschaftliche Religiosität“ geschehen kann.

Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Personality and Mental Health: A Review of Results and Conceptual Issues

The current paper provides background to the development of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-being and then summarises findings derived from its use with other measures of health and personality. There is substantial evidence for religiosity/spirituality being positively related to a variety of indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and personality dimensions.

Religious/spiritual well-being, personality and mental health: A review of results and conceptual issues

We present the recent research findings of our group that allowed us to investigate the potential links between religiosity/spirituality and different indicators of mental health. Thus this paper represents a synoptic overview of the most important results which were gathered by applying the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) to different personality dimensions and to different facets of subjective well-being and mental health in several studies. The MI-RSWB was applied on different clinical samples (e.g.

Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Coping Styles and Personality Dimensions in people with substance use disorders

Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be negatively associated with a range of addictions. It has been suggested that religious/spiritual well-being might play an important role in the development, course and the recovery from addictive disorders. A sample of addiction in-patients (n=389) was assessed using the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) and compared with a matched group of non-addicted community controls (n=389). RSWB was found to be substantially lower in people with substance use disorders compared to the normal sample.

Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, personality and mental health: A review of results and conceptual issues

This paper is intended to provide a background to the development of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-being (MI-RSWB) and then summarise the findings derived from its use with other measures of health and personality. Taken together, this body of research suggests that there is substantial evidence for religiosity and spirituality being positively related to a variety of indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and positively correlated with the personality dimensions of extraversion and negatively correlated with neuroticism.

The English Version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB-E): First Results from British College Students

In recent years there has been a steadily growing interest of religious/spiritual issues in several areas of psychology; a variety of reliable and valid means of assessing the different facets of religiosity/spirituality have been developed. However, there is still some need for multidimensional approaches. With respect to the positive experience with the German version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, we developed an English version of this scale (MI-RSWB-E) in order to facilitate research in this budding field.

Soul Darkness? Dimensions of Religious/ Spiritual Well-Being among Mood-Disordered Inpatients Compared to Healthy Controls

Background: Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be substantially associated with a variety of mental health and illness parameters. However, relevant empirical evidence is sparse, and more research is needed in order to further understand what role religiosity/spirituality plays in the development, progression and healing process of a psychiatric disease. Thus, the purpose of this study was to find out more information about the religious/spiritual needs of anxious/depressive inpatients.

The Impact of Neurofeedback-Training on the affective rating of different image categories in Anorexia Nervosa

Background: The clinical picture of anorexia nervosa represents a severe disease, during which serious physical and mental complications can occur. Girls and young women are most affected, the aetiopathogenesis is usually multifactorial.

Proinflammatory gene expression from peripheral blood cells in patients with fructose/lactose intolerance and healthy controls.

Background Nutrition with antioxidant capacity can have important effects on the proinflammatory status of individuals. Fruit and vegetable consumption was been reported to influence proinflammatory gene expression. Patients with fructose/lactose intolerance represent a group of controlled dieters. The current study assessed the potential difference of proinflammtory gene expression between fructose/lactose intolerant patients and healthy controls. Methods In total 71 subjects were investigated.

Effekte eines Alpha-Neurofeedbacktrainings in der Behandlung von Anorexia nervosa

Neurofeedback (EEG-Biofeedback) ist ein Frequenzbandtraining und basiert auf dem Prinzip der operanten Konditionierung. Durch die Trainingsprozesse sollen Selbstregulationsprozesse gefördert werden und Fehlregulationen in kortikalen Strukturen minimiert werden. Der Einsatz von Neurofeedback im Bereich von Essstörungen basiert auf Erkenntnissen von Studien, die massive EEG-Veränderungen bei PatientInnen mit Anorexia nervosa (AN) nachweisen konnten. Diese Veränderungen beziehen sich hauptsächlich auf eine erhöhte Beta- sowie eine verringerte Alphaaktivierung in frontalen Hirnregionen.

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