Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the linkage between differences in religious/spiritual well-being to personality and mental illness in psychiatric patients and healthy controls.
Methods: Addiction patients (N=120), depressive patients (N=100) and healthy controls (N=200) were given a multidimensional questionnaire for religious/spiritual well-being in combination with well established measures for personality/psychiatric diagnostics. Data were evaluated using descriptive methods, regression analysis and GLM multivariate.
Results: Differences in personality factors and religious/spiritual well-being were found in patient/non patient groups. Religiosity and Spirituality showed to be relevant positive and negative predictors of psychopathological symptoms.
Conclusions: Personality traits and psychiatric symptoms are linked to the amount of religious/spiritual well-being in a specific way among psychiatric patients and healthy controls. The integration of religious/spiritual issues could open up new strategies in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of psychiatric diseases.