Aims: Present research suggests that stress and anxiety are playing an important role in origin and perpetuation of substance use disorders (SUD). This study examined if patients with SUD differed from healthy controls in their anxiety, their psychological and physiological stress-task-related- and general stress-coping. Methods: 41 patients with SUD diagnosed by ICD- 10 are compared with 41 healthy students as controls.
Objectives: To determine if the structure and centrality of the religious/spiritual construct system are associated with personality dimensions and psychopathological symptoms and to make clear any differences between addiction patients, general psychiatric patients and healthy controls? Methods: In total 420 people of both sexes were included in the study.
There is an ongoing discussion concerning the role of spirituality in alcoholism treatment. The main purpose of this study was to find out more about the spiritual needs among alcohol dependents.Spiritual well-being (SWB) and religious coping (RC) in the context of suicidal/depressive symptoms were investigated twice in 81 wellcharacterized male alcoholic inpatients, pre- and postwithdrawal treatment. Although suicidal/depressive symptoms decreased substantially as a result of the intervention, no changes were found with respect to SWB and RC.
This study aims at investigating the relationship between Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and indicators of Psychological Well-Being (Global Religiosity, Hierarchy of Needs, Sense of Coherence) and the Big Five personality dimensions (including ‘‘Piety”). Religiosity/spirituality was measured by means of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being which consists of six different subscales dealing with different facets of religiosity and spirituality (e.g. General Religiosity, Forgiveness or Hope).
Background: Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be substantially associated with a variety of mental health and illness parameters. However, relevant empirical evidence is sparse, and more research is needed in order to further understand what role religiosity/spirituality plays in the development, progression and healing process of a psychiatric disease. Thus, the purpose of this study was to find out more information about the religious/spiritual needs of anxious/depressive inpatients.