The study of human emotions and personality provides valuable insights into the p arameters of mental health and well-being. Affective neuroscience proposes thatseveral levels of emotions – ranging from primary ones such as LUST or FEAR up to higher emot ions such as spirituality – interact on a neural level. The present study aimed to furth er explore this theory. Furthermore, we hypothesized that personality – formedby bottom-up primary emotions and cortical top-down regulation – might act as a linkbetwe en primary emotions and religious/spiritual well-being.
Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls.
Traditionally, in attachment theory, secure attachment has been linked to parameters of mental health, while insecure attachment has been associated with parameters of psychopathology. Furthermore, spirituality and attachment to God have been discussed as corresponding to, or compensating for, primary attachment experiences. Accordingly, they may contribute to mental health or to mental illness.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine how different levels of yoga involvement are related to different parameters of mental health and illness. Design and Setting: A total sample of 455 participants (410 females) was investigated by means of an internet survey. 362 yoga practitioners (327 females) rated their degree of yoga involvement on the Yoga Immersion Scale.
The purpose of this study was to adapt the Austrian-German version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (mi-rswb) into the Italian language and culture, and to investigate possible associations between the rswb dimensions, “Big Five” personality factors and mental illness within an Italian student sample. Hence, the first Italian translation of the mi-rswb scale was applied on a sample of 412 undergraduate students in three different cities and regions of Italy: Padova (northern Italy), Rome (central Italy), and Palermo (southern Italy).
Background: In general religious/spiritual dimensions were found to be negatively correlated with all kinds of psychiatric disorders, and specifically with depression, suicidal ideation and substance abuse. In contrast to this, the goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-being (RSWB) and less favourable aspects of personality, the so-called “Dark Triad” personality traits: narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy together with general deficits in personality structure.
It has been asserted that schizotypy has a negative relationship with subjective well-being. By employing a multidimensional measure of spiritual well being with 400 British College students we report a more complex relationship. The Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief Version were used and analysis made use of Canonical Correlational Analysis. Results suggested that two distinct relationships emerged between schizotypy and spirituality.
This pilot study examines personality characteristics using the Five Factor Model combined with measures of Sensation Seeking and religious/spiritual well-being in two Austrian samples of substance abusers. Sixty-three male addicts (33 polydrug dependents, 30 alcohol dependents) treated in a therapeutic community setting were tested with the Neo Personality Inventory Revised Version, the Sensation Seeking Scale, and the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being. Results show significant personality differences between alcohol and polydrug abusers.
The current paper provides background to the development of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-being and then summarises findings derived from its use with other measures of health and personality. There is substantial evidence for religiosity/spirituality being positively related to a variety of indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and personality dimensions.
We present the recent research findings of our group that allowed us to investigate the potential links between religiosity/spirituality and different indicators of mental health. Thus this paper represents a synoptic overview of the most important results which were gathered by applying the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) to different personality dimensions and to different facets of subjective well-being and mental health in several studies. The MI-RSWB was applied on different clinical samples (e.g.