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Depressive Symptoms and Addictive Behaviors in Young Adults After Childhood Trauma: The Mediating Role of Personality Organization and Despair

Background:There is substantial evidence that traumatic experiences in childhood increase the likelihood of mood pathology and addictive behaviors in adolescence and young adulthood. Furthermore, both forms of psychopathology have been linked to deficiencies in personality organization and a common primary emotion core. In this study, we intended to further investigate these interactions by assuming a mediating role of personality organization and despair regarding the relationship between childhood trauma and psychiatric symptom burden later in life.

Personality Influences the Relationship Between Primary Emotions and Religious/Spiritual Well-Being

The study of human emotions and personality provides valuable insights into the p arameters of mental health and well-being. Affective neuroscience proposes thatseveral levels of emotions – ranging from primary ones such as LUST or FEAR up to higher emot ions such as spirituality – interact on a neural level. The present study aimed to furth er explore this theory. Furthermore, we hypothesized that personality – formedby bottom-up primary emotions and cortical top-down regulation – might act as a linkbetwe en primary emotions and religious/spiritual well-being.

Increased attachment security is related to early therapy drop‑out in substance use disorders

Objectives: Previous research work suggests a positive association between secure attachment and increased therapy adherence (TA) in different patient groups. However, there is still a strong need for research focusing on the influence of attachment on TA in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Hence, this study attempts to investigate the predictive value of different attachment patterns concerning TA in SUD inpatients. Results: 122 (34 female) SUD inpatients completed the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) during the entry phase of therapeutic community treatment.

Sucht als Bindungsstörung

Hintergrund: Wenngleich es bis heute kein allgemein akzeptiertes Modell zur Beschreibung der Entstehung und Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen gibt, stellt die Bindungstheorie bereits seit Jahrzehnten eine bedeutsame Basis für den klinisch-therapeutischen Umgang mit Suchterkrankungen dar. In dieser Arbeit soll ein systematischer Überblick der empirischen Studien zum Zusammenhang zwischen substanzgebundenen Süchten und Störungen des Bindungsverhaltens gegeben werden.

Integrative Gestalttherapie in Österreich. Ausbildungs- und Berufsbedingungen, Kohärenzgefühl und Burn-out

Hintergrund. Es gibt nur wenige Studien, die sich sowohl mit den verschiedenen Aspekten der Psychotherapieausbildung in Österreich als auch mit dem psychischen Wohlbefinden und der beruflichen Entwicklung von PsychotherapeutInnen beschäftigen.

Addiction as an Attachment Disorder: White Matter Impairment Is Linked to Increased Negative Affective States in Poly-Drug Use

Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls.

Professional and training conditions of Austrian Integrative Gestalt therapists in the context of Sense of Coherence and Burnout

Background: Only a few studies have been conducted focusing on the different aspects of psychotherapy training as being related to personality variables and professional development. Objectives: Therefore, graduates of Gestalt therapy in Austria have been questioned in regards to psychotherapy training, their current work situation, as well as having their Sense of Coherence and Burnout symptoms quantified. Materials and methods: Between October 2015 and April 2016, 62 psychotherapists completed a sociodemographic questionnaire developed in

Facets of Spirituality Diminish the Positive Relationship between Insecure Attachment and Mood Pathology in Young Adults

Traditionally, in attachment theory, secure attachment has been linked to parameters of mental health, while insecure attachment has been associated with parameters of psychopathology. Furthermore, spirituality and attachment to God have been discussed as corresponding to, or compensating for, primary attachment experiences. Accordingly, they may contribute to mental health or to mental illness.

Spirituality and mood pathology in severe skin conditions: A prospective observational study

Although the association between spirituality and parameters of psychological health and disease has been investigated extensively, little evidence is available for its potential role in dermatology. In a single-centre observational prospective study, 149 outpatients (107 women) with systemic sclerosis (SSc; n=44), lupus erythematosus (LE; n=48), or early-stage malignant melanoma  (MM; n=57) were investigated using the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being together with the Brief Symptom Inventory for psychiatric symptoms (BSI-18).

Insecure Attachment Styles and Increased Borderline Personality Organization in Substance Use Disorders

Background: Previous research has linked insecure attachment styles and borderline personality organization to Substance Use Disorder (SUD). However, it still remains unclear whether those impairments apply to different kinds of SUDs to the same extent.

EEG Neurofeedback Effects in Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa

A pre-post design including 22 females was used to evaluate the effectiveness of neurofeedback in the treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa. Resting EEG measures and a psychological test-battery assessing eating behavior traits, clinical symptoms, emotionality, and mood were obtained. While both the experimental (n = 10) and control group (n = 12) received their usual maintenance treatment, the experimental group received 10 sessions of individual alpha frequency training over a period of 5 weeks as additional treatment.

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