Hier finden Sie laufend Aktualisierungen unserer Publikationen und Vorträge.

 

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“Spiritus contra Spiritum?”: Spiritual Well-Being and Depression Among Male Alcohol Dependents in Treatment

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Helmuth-Paul Huber, Kurt Stelzer, Andreas Fink

There is an ongoing discussion concerning the role of spirituality in alcoholism treatment. The main purpose of this study was to find out more about the spiritual needs among alcohol dependents.Spiritual well-being (SWB) and religious coping (RC) in the context of suicidal/depressive symptoms were investigated twice in 81 wellcharacterized male alcoholic inpatients, pre- and postwithdrawal… weiter

Journal Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 2012/01

Effekte eines Alpha-Neurofeedbacktrainings in der Behandlung von Anorexia nervosa

Nina Lackner, Harald Mangge, Peter J. Scheer, Marguerite Dunitz-Scheer, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Christa Neuper

Neurofeedback (EEG-Biofeedback) ist ein Frequenzbandtraining und basiert auf dem Prinzip der operanten Konditionierung. Durch die Trainingsprozesse sollen Selbstregulationsprozesse gefördert werden und Fehlregulationen in kortikalen Strukturen minimiert werden. Der Einsatz von Neurofeedback im Bereich von Essstörungen basiert auf Erkenntnissen von Studien, die massive EEG-Veränderungen bei… weiter

Präsentation Doktoratskongress Karl-Franzens-Uni Graz 2012/05

Soul Darkness? Dimensions of Religious/ Spiritual Well-Being among Mood-Disordered Inpatients Compared to Healthy Controls

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Helmut Schoeggl, Andreas Fink, Christa Neuper, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Background: Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be substantially associated with a variety of mental health and illness parameters. However, relevant empirical evidence is sparse, and more research is needed in order to further understand what role religiosity/spirituality plays in the development, progression and healing process of a psychiatric disease. Thus, the purpose of this… weiter

Journal Psychopathology 2012/06

The Impact of Neurofeedback-Training on the affective rating of different image categories in Anorexia Nervosa

Astrid Trinker, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Nina Lackner, Anna Novosel, Margeruite Dunitz-Scheer, Peter Scheer, Dimitrios Skliris, Christa Neuper, Sandra Johanna Wallner-Liebmann

Background: The clinical picture of anorexia nervosa represents a severe disease, during which serious physical and mental complications can occur. Girls and young women are most affected, the aetiopathogenesis is usually multifactorial. Therefore a multi-modal therapeutic approach should always be applied. Aim: Based on the assumption, that anorectic patients… weiter

Präsentation Konferenz Ernährung 2012, Nürnberg 2012/06

Proinflammatory gene expression from peripheral blood cells in patients with fructose/lactose intolerance and healthy controls.

Renate Kruschitz, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Natalie Allard, Wolfgang Schnedl, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann

Background Nutrition with antioxidant capacity can have important effects on the proinflammatory status of individuals. Fruit and vegetable consumption was been reported to influence proinflammatory gene expression. Patients with fructose/lactose intolerance represent a group of controlled dieters. The current study assessed the potential difference of proinflammtory gene… weiter

Präsentation Konferenz Ernährung 2012, Nürnberg 2012/06

Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, personality and mental health: A review of results and conceptual issues

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andrew Lewis, Andreas Fink

This paper is intended to provide a background to the development of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-being (MI-RSWB) and then summarise the findings derived from its use with other measures of health and personality. Taken together, this body of research suggests that there is substantial evidence for religiosity and spirituality being positively related to a… weiter

Vortrag ICP 2012 2012/07

The English Version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB-E): First Results from British College Students

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Oliver Nelson, Joanna Collicutt, Andreas Fink

In recent years there has been a steadily growing interest of religious/spiritual issues in several areas of psychology; a variety of reliable and valid means of assessing the different facets of religiosity/spirituality have been developed. However, there is still some need for multidimensional approaches. With respect to the positive experience with the German version of the Multidimensional… weiter

Journal MDPI Basel 2012/07

Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Coping Styles and Personality Dimensions in people with substance use disorders

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andrew Lewis, Joanna Collicutt-McGrath, Andreas Fink

Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be negatively associated with a range of addictions. It has been suggested that religious/spiritual well-being might play an important role in the development, course and the recovery from addictive disorders. A sample of addiction in-patients (n=389) was assessed using the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB)… weiter

Journal International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 2012/08

Religious/spiritual well-being, personality and mental health: A review of results and conceptual issues

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andrew Lewis, Andreas Fink

We present the recent research findings of our group that allowed us to investigate the potential links between religiosity/spirituality and different indicators of mental health. Thus this paper represents a synoptic overview of the most important results which were gathered by applying the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) to different personality… weiter

Journal International Journal of Psychology (published Abstract), p. 605 2012/08

Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Personality and Mental Health: A Review of Results and Conceptual Issues

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andrew Lewis, Andreas Fink

The current paper provides background to the development of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-being and then summarises findings derived from its use with other measures of health and personality. There is substantial evidence for religiosity/spirituality being positively related to a variety of indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and… weiter

Journal Journal of Religion and Health 2012/09

Spiritualität und Sucht: Gottesbeziehung von Abhängigen im Vergleich zu allgemein-psychiatrischen Patienten

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

In „Spiritus contra Spiritum“ (sinngemäß: der „Heilige Geist“ gegen den „Geist im Alkohol“) finden der Schweizer Psychoanalytiker C. G. Jung und Bill Wilson, Mitbegründer der Anonymen Alkoholiker, eine gemeinsame Formel zur Suchtbekämpfung: Demnach kann nur einer von beiden dem Menschen inne wohnen bzw. „treibt der eine den anderen gleichsam aus“ (Briefwechsel Jung/Wilson, 1961). Auch lässt… weiter

Vortrag Fachtagung Spiritualität & Sucht, Bern 2012/11

Das Multidimensionale Inventar zum religiös-spirituellen Befinden (MI-RSB): Normwerte für die österreichische Allgemeinbevölkerung.

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andreas Fink

Das Multidimensionale Inventar zum religiös-spirituellen Befinden (MI-RSB) wurde im Rahmen eines interdisziplinären Forschungsprojekts von Klinischer Psychologie und Pastoraltheologie entwickelt. Ausgehend von einem multidimensional konzipierten Konstrukt des religiös-spirituellen Befindens werden dabei insgesamt sechs Bereiche der Befindlichkeit hinsichtlich des immanenten sowie des… weiter

Journal Diagnostica 2013/01

Kreativität bei Drogenkonsumierenden, Drogenabhängigen und Drogenentwöhnten

Brigitta Bliem, Human F. Unterrainer, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth M. Weiss, Andreas Fink

Das Hauptziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war es, Unterschiede zwischen unterschiedlichen Gruppen von Drogenabhängigen (SubstitutionspatientInnen, n = 14; abstinente Personen auf einer Langzeit-Rehabilitation, n = 12) und Cannabis-KonsumentInnen (n = 13) im Vergleich zu einer gesunden Kontroll-Gruppe (n = 18) in Bezug sowohl auf verbale und figurale Kreativität als auch auf allgemeine kognitive… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2013/02

EEG-Neurofeedback and Psychodynamic Psychotherapy in a case of Adolescent Anhedonia with Substance Misuse: Mood/theta relations

Human F. Unterrainer, Jean L.Chen, John H. Gruzelier

There is substantial evidence confirming the efficacy of Neurofeedback with applications in clinical, educational and optimal performance domains. However, a psychodynamically informed NF-approach needs exploration. A male (19y), college student whose first year was being seriously compromised after severe, 18-month, polydrug misuse, was treated with 11 sessions including a 2-month Follow-up… weiter

Journal International Journal of Psychophysiology 2013/03

Religiös/Spirituelles Befinden bei psychisch Kranken: Ängstlich/Depressive und Suchtkranke im Vergleich zu gesunden Kontrollpersonen

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Helmut Schöggl, Andrew Lewis, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth Weiss, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Anliegen: Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es, verschiedene Dimensionen von Religiosität und Spiritualität bei stationären psychiatrischen PatientInnen zu untersuchen. Gibt es Unterschiede im religiös/spirituellen Befinden zwischen suchtkranken (ICD-10: F1x) und ängstlich/depressiven (ICD-10: F3x/F4x) PatientInnen? Welche Implikationen ergeben sich daraus für die Behandlung? weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2013/05

Differences in Big Five personality traits between alcohol and polydrug abusers: Implications for treatment in the therapeutic community

Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Aljoscha Neubauer

This pilot study examines personality characteristics using the Five Factor Model combined with measures of Sensation Seeking and religious/spiritual well-being in two Austrian samples of substance abusers. Sixty-three male addicts (33 polydrug dependents, 30 alcohol dependents) treated in a therapeutic community setting were tested with the Neo Personality Inventory Revised Version, the… weiter

Journal International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2013/06

EEG-Neurofeedback in psychodynamic treatment of substance dependence (commentary, full text).

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andrew James Lewis, John Howard Gruzelier

A commentary on
EEG-neurofeedback and psychodynamic psychotherapy in a case of adolescent anhedonia with substance misuse: Mood/thetarelations

by Unterrainer, H. F., Chen, M. J., and Gruzelier, J. H. (2013). Int J Psychophysiol. pii: S0167-8760(13)00061-5. doi: 10.1016/j.… weiter

Journal Frontiers in Psychology 2013/09

Religiös/Spirituelles Befinden bei psychisch Kranken II: Die Entwicklung einer Kurzskala und Vergleichswerte von klinisch-psychiatrischen Gruppen und gesunden Kontrollpersonen

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Anliegen: Das Multidimensionale Inventar zum Religiös/ Spirituellen Befinden (MI-RSB) wurde in mehreren klinischen und non-klinischen Studien erfolgreich angewendet. Allerdings erwies sich die MI-RSB Originalversion mit 48 Items im Speziellen für klinische Fragestellungen oft als zu umfangreich. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist deshalb die Entwicklung einer adäquaten MI-RSB Kurzversion mit 12 Items.… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2013/09

Braucht die Suchtbehandlung eine spirituelle Dimension?

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Vielfach wurde der negative Zusammenhang von Religiosität und Spiritualität mit verschiedenen Formen von Suchterkrankungen bestätigt. Auch können religiös-spirituelle Themen eine bedeutsame Rolle für den gesamten Verlauf einer Abhängigkeitserkrankung spielen. Basierend auf diesen Erkenntnissen wurden suchtkranke Patienten während ihres stationären Aufenthalts im Verein Grüner Kreis mit Hilfe… weiter

Journal Spiritual Care 2014/01

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and the dark triad of personality

Monika Kämmerle, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Phoebe Dahmen-Wassenberg, Andreas Fink, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Background: In general religious/spiritual dimensions were found to be negatively correlated with all kinds of psychiatric disorders, and specifically with depression, suicidal ideation and substance abuse. In contrast to this, the goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-being (RSWB) and less favourable aspects of… weiter

Journal Psychopathology 2014/01

Motivational processing of food cues in anorexia nervosa: a pilot study.

Anna Novosel, Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Magrit Dunitz-Scheer, Peter Jaron Scheer, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Christa Neuper

Current literature suggests an increased attentional bias toward food stimuli in eating-disordered individuals compared to healthy controls. In line with these research efforts, the present study aims to investigate the processing of food stimuli (enriched by emotional stimuli) between patients diagnosed for anorexia nervosa (AN) and healthy controls by means of electroencephalography. Twenty-… weiter

Journal Eating and Weight Disorders: Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity 2014/03

Spiritualität bei schizophrenen Erkrankungen

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Anja Sollgruber, Anita Rinner, Denise Wolsch, Andreas Fink, & Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Hintergrund: Ziel dieser Arbeit ist es verschiedene Dimensionen von Religiosität und Spiritualität im Krankheitserleben bei stationären Schizophrenie-PatientInnen (F 2x) im Vergleich zu Suchtkranken (F10.2./F19.2) und gesunden Kontrollpersonen zu untersuchen. Zudem werden Zusammenhänge zwischen dem religiös/spirituellen Befinden und Parametern psychischer Belastung betrachtet… weiter

Journal Der Nervenarzt 2014/06

The Janus face of Schizotypy: enhanced spiritual connection or existential despair?

Human -Friedrich Unterrainer, Andrew James Lewis

It has been asserted that schizotypy has a negative relationship with subjective well-being.  By employing a multidimensional measure of spiritual well being with 400 British College students we report a more complex relationship. The Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief Version were used and analysis made use of… weiter

Journal Psychiatry Research 2014/07

Religiös/Spirituelles Befinden bei psychisch Kranken III: Erste Ergebnisse einer Körper-zentrierten Achtsamkeitsmeditation in der stationären Rehabilitation

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andreas J. Eisner, Ewald Pollheimer, Andrea Ackermann, Paul Kaufmann, Andreas Fink, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Anliegen: Die salutogene Wirkung von Religiosität und Spiritualität scheint vor allem in den letzten Jahren durch die Literatur gut belegt. Wenige Studien sind allerdings zur Wirksamkeit einer spirituell basierten therapeutischen Intervention bei psychiatrischen PatientInnen durchgeführt worden. Methode: Aus diesem Grund wurde in dieser Pilotstudie erstmals… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2014/07

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Personality & Mental Health: Initial results from Italian college students

Stefan Stefa-Missaglia, Helmuth Paul Huber, Michaela Sarlo, Andreas Fink, A., Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

The purpose of this study was to adapt the Austrian-German version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (mi-rswb) into the Italian language and culture, and to investigate possible associations between the rswb dimensions, “Big Five” personality factors and mental illness within an Italian student sample. Hence, the first Italian translation of the mi-rswb scale… weiter

Journal Archive for the Psychology of Religion 2014/09

Creativity and psychopathology: are there similar mental processes involved in creativity and in psychosis-proneness?

Andreas Fink, Mathias Benedek, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth Weiss.

The putative link between creativity and psychopathology is nearly as legendary and mysterious as the long-standing view from antique mythology according to which eminent creative achievements were perceived as the result of a “higher power,” mostly caused by inspiration by muses. In fact, there are many illustrative examples of creative people who… weiter

Journal Frontiers in Psychology 2014/10

[The relationship between Yoga Immersion, psychological well-being and psychiatric symptoms]

Lisza Gaiswinkler, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andreas Fink, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

BACKGROUND: In recent years positive effects of Yoga (as a kind of spiritual exercise) in regards to subjective well-being and physical health can be found as well documented in the literature. METHOD: Based on a construct-psychological approach a newly developed scale for the assessment of Yoga involvement (immersion) was validated on a sample of 233 non-clinical subjects (210 females)… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2015/03

The Effectiveness of Visual Short-Time Neurofeedback on Brain Activity and Clinical Characteristics in Alcohol Use Disorders: Practical Issues and Results.

Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Dimitris Skliris, Guillereme Wood, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Christa Neuper, John Howard Gruzelier

The present study was carried out to examine the efficacy of alpha/theta neurofeedback (NF) with a new visual paradigm in a cohort of alcohol use disordered (AUD) patients (n = 25) treated in an Austrian therapeutic community center. The experimental study design focused on changes in absolute and relative resting EEG band power as well as in clinical variables, including depression (Beck… weiter

Journal Clinical EEG and Neuroscience 2015/09

[Biological basis of problematic internet use (PIN) and therapeutic implications]

Kathrin Bauernhofer, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Elisabeth Weiss

The repetitive excessive use of internet has led to an increasing number of reports about the negative consequences of overuse and is now viewed as an important public health issue, although the diagnosis of internet addiction remains problematic. Increasing knowledge about the neurobiological mechanism of behavioral addictions will promote future research and is essential for the development… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2015/11

White matter integrity in polydrug users in relation to attachment and personality: a controlled diffusion tensor imaging study

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler, Klemens Ragger, Lisa Froehlich, Karl Koschutnig, Helmut Schoeggl, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth Weiss, Andreas Fink

The relationship between substance use disorders (SUD) and brain deficits has been studied extensively. However, there is still a lack of research focusing on the structural neural connectivity in long-term polydrug use disorder (PUD). Since a deficiency in white matter integrity has been reported as being related to various parameters of increased psychopathology, it might be considered an… weiter

Journal Brain Imaging and Behavior 2015/11

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