Titel Publisher

?Hungry for Life?? Eating Behavior and Aggression in Addicts and Healthy Controls

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Katharina Kilzer, Konstanze Maria Bayer, Andrea Amegha-Sakotnik, Renate Kruschitz, Natalie Allard, Beate Poncza, Stefanie Leopold, S., Manuela Hanschek, Karoline Etschmaier, Peter Liebmann, Sandra J. Wallner-Liebmann
Nutrition 2009, Bern

?Spiritus contra Spiritum??: Spiritual Well-Being and Depression Among Male Alcohol Dependents in Treatment

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Helmuth-Paul Huber, Kurt Stelzer, Andreas Fink

There is an ongoing discussion concerning the role of spirituality in alcoholism treatment. The main purpose of this study was to find out more about the spiritual needs among alcohol dependents.Spiritual well-being (SWB) and religious coping (RC) in the context of suicidal/depressive symptoms were investigated twice in 81 wellcharacterized male alcoholic inpatients, pre- and postwithdrawal treatment. Although suicidal/depressive symptoms decreased substantially as a result of the intervention, no changes were found with respect to SWB and RC.

Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly

Addiction as an Attachment Disorder: White Matter Impairment Is Linked to Increased Negative Affective States in Poly-Drug Use

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Karl Koschutnig, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Sebastian Tscheschner, Maria Url, Jolana Wagner-Skacel, Eva Z. Reininghaus, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth M. Weiss, Andreas Fink

Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls.

Frontiers in Human NeuroscienceDownload

Are structure and centrality of the religious-spiritual construct system associated to personality dimensions and psychopathological symptoms?

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Karl Heinz Ladenhauf, Sandra J. Wallner, Peter Liebmann

In total 420 persons of both sexes were examined: Religiosity and spirituality were investigated in clinically well characterized detoxified addicts (N=120), depressive in-patients (N=100), and persons with no psychiatric diagnosis/treatment in their biography (N=200) using a Multidimensional Inventory for Religious-Spiritual Well-Being (MIRSWB 48) in combination with the Centrality Scale (C-Scale) and the Structure of Religiosity Test (RST). Personality dimensions were investigated using the Six Factors of Personality Test (6F Test).

European Conference on Religion Spirituality and Health, Bern

Baseline plasma epinephrine levels predict Wisconsin Card Sorting Test scores in healthy volunteers

Czermak C, Wallner SJ, Kresse A, Schauer S, Aigner R, Hoefler G, Lehofer M, Liebmann PM

The present study was undertaken to further explore the potential neuropsychological information associated with baseline plasma levels of catecholamines and dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) mRNA expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). Baseline plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine levels and PBL DRD3 mRNA expression were compared with performance in the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in n=79 healthy volunteers (mean+/-S.D. age: 24.1+/-3.2 years, 34 males).

Psychoneuroendocrinology

Body Mass Index and Anthropometry in College Athletes trained in different Types of Sport

Renate Kruschitz, E. Gruber, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, E. Tafeit, W. Müller, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann
International Conference on Obesity, Stockholm

Braucht die Suchtbehandlung eine spirituelle Dimension?

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Vielfach wurde der negative Zusammenhang von Religiosität und Spiritualität mit verschiedenen Formen von Suchterkrankungen bestätigt. Auch können religiös-spirituelle Themen eine bedeutsame Rolle für den gesamten Verlauf einer Abhängigkeitserkrankung spielen. Basierend auf diesen Erkenntnissen wurden suchtkranke Patienten während ihres stationären Aufenthalts im Verein Grüner Kreis mit Hilfe des Multidimensionalen Inventars zum religiös-spirituellen Befinden (MI-RSB) befragt.

Spiritual Care

Chocolate Eating and Reward-Dependence: a Multivariate Analysis on Polytoxic Addicts, Alcoholics, and Healthy Controls

Sandra Johanna Wallner, Christoph Czermak, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Adelheid Kresse, Peter Liebmann
International Journal of Obesity

Computer-Spielsucht und andere nicht-stoffgebundene Suchtformen

Dr. Dominik Batthyány

Suchtforschung galt bisher überwiegend der Auseinandersetzung mit stoffgebundener Abhängigkeit, also der Abhängigkeit von bewusstseinsverändernden Substanzen. Die Entwicklung in den letzten Jahren aber macht deutlich, dass sich das fachliche und öffentliche Interesse verstärkt auf die so genannten Verhaltenssüchte, die nichtstoffgebundene Abhängigkeit, richtet. Zu den Verhaltenssüchten werden exzessiv ausgeübte Verhaltensweisen gezählt, die einen belohnenden Effekt haben und die Kriterien einer Abhängigkeit erfüllen Die Anzahl Betroffener, die Beratung und Hilfe suchen, steigt.

Suchtkongress: Mythen ? Fakten ? Perspektiven

Craving for transcendence: God as substitute for addictive agents?

Human -Friedrich Unterrainer, Karl-Heinz Ladenhauf, Sandra Johanna Wallner, Peter Liebmann
International Journal of Psychology (pubshed abstract)

Creativity and psychopathology: are there similar mental processes involved in creativity and in psychosis-proneness?

Andreas Fink, Mathias Benedek, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth Weiss.
Frontiers in Psychology

Creativity: Genius, Madness, or a Combination of Both?

Andreas Fink, Mirjam Slamar-Halbedl, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Elisabeth Weiss

We investigated the relationship between creativity, personality, latent inhibition (LI), and psychopathology. For this purpose, a sample of actors, 2 clinical samples (alcohol and polydrug dependents), and a group of university students were compared with respect to psychometrically determined creativity, personality, and LI. The results suggest that actors and polydrug dependents can be characterized by (a) high scores in the personality dimension psychoticism, (b) high originality during creative idea generation, and (c) decreased LI as compared with the other groups.

Psychology of Aesthetics-Creativity-and the Arts