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Insecure Attachment Styles and Increased Borderline Personality Organization in Substance Use Disorders

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Anita Rinner, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Background: Previous research has linked insecure attachment styles and borderline personality organization to Substance Use Disorder (SUD). However, it still remains unclear whether those impairments apply to different kinds of SUDs to the same extent.

PsychopathologyDownload

EEG Neurofeedback Effects in Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa

Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Dimitris Skliris, Sarah Shaheen, Peter Scheer, Marguerite Dunitz-Scheer, Guillereme Wood, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Christa Neuper.

A pre-post design including 22 females was used to evaluate the effectiveness of neurofeedback in the treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa. Resting EEG measures and a psychological test-battery assessing eating behavior traits, clinical symptoms, emotionality, and mood were obtained. While both the experimental (n = 10) and control group (n = 12) received their usual maintenance treatment, the experimental group received 10 sessions of individual alpha frequency training over a period of 5 weeks as additional treatment.

Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & PreventionDownload

The relationship between Yoga Involvement, Mindfulness and psychological well-being

Lisza Gaiswinkler, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine how different levels of yoga involvement are related to different parameters of mental health and illness. Design and Setting: A total sample of 455 participants (410 females) was investigated by means of an internet survey. 362 yoga practitioners (327 females) rated their degree of yoga involvement on the Yoga Immersion Scale.

Complementary Therapies in MedicineDownload

Vulnerable Dark Triad Personality Facets Are Associated with Religious Fundamentalist Tendencies

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Johanna Ruttinger, Andrew J. Lewis, Jeromy Anglim, Andreas Fink, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Background: This study explores the possibility that religious fundamentalism (RF) may be linked to deficits in personality structure, which is in contrast to the general assumption that religiosity and spirituality are positively related to mature personality development. Sampling and Methods: To test this hypothesis, 327 (232 female) college students completed the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being together with the Innsbrucker Religious Fundamentalism Scale.

PsychopathologyDownload

[Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa: a Case Report]

Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Dimitris Skliris, Guillereme Wood, Margeruite Dunitz-Scheer, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Peter Jaron Scheer, Christa Neuper

Anorexia nervosa has been related to alterations in brain activity in terms of hyperactive EEG patterns. This case report illustrates the principles and results of a five-week neurofeedback treatment in a 29-year-old woman suffering from anorexia nervosa. A neurofeedback protocol to enhance alpha activity (8?-?12?Hz) was developed and conducted additionally to the standardized treatment for eating disorders in training sessions twice a week. Pre- and post-test measurements included resting state EEG measurements and a psychological test battery.

Fortschritte der Neurologie-PsychiatrieDownload

The Validation of a Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Inventory of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being in Mexican College Students

Daniela Berger, Andreas Fink, Maria Perez Gomez, Andrew Lewis, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

After the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) was validated as a reliable instrument for the Western European context it is primarily intended in this study to translate the measure into Spanish and adapt it for the Mexican culture. Furthermore we investigate whether spirituality/religiosity has a similar impact on indicators of personality and subjective well-being in Mexico as it does in samples drawn from Western European cultures.

Spanish Journal of PsychologyDownload

The Relation Between Different Facets of Creativity and the Dark Side of Personality

Phoebe Dahmen-Wassenberg, Monika Kämmerle, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andreas Fink

This study examined the relation between different facets of creativity and personality, focusing on the dark side of personality. In a sample of 247 students, psychometric measures for the assessment of the dark triad of personality (subclinical narcissism, Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy), personality organization (structural deficit: identity diffusion, primitive defenses, reality testing), and the conventional 5 Factor personality variables were administered. Creativity was operationalized via divergent thinking measures and via selfassessment creativity scales.

Creativity Research JournalDownload

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being in Relation to Personality and Stress Coping: Initial Results From Bosnian Young Adults

Alen Malinovic, Andreas Fink, Andrew James Lewis, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

The aim of this study was to examine possible relationships between religious/spiritual well-being (RSWB), the Big Five personality factors, and stress coping strategies among Bosnian young adults. Therefore, a first Bosnian translation of the Multidimensional Inventory of Religious/Spiritual Well-being was applied on a sample of 290 (181 females) Bosnian undergraduate students. RSWB dimensions such as hope, forgiveness, or general religiosity were found to be substantially related with more favorable personality dimensions as well as with more adequate stress coping.

Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health

[Problematic internet use (PIN)-a review of assessment questionnaires and risk factors]

Karin Bauernhofer, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Elisabeth Weiss

Internet is nowadays an integral part of our lives. However, excessive internet use, which is in many ways comparable to substance addictions and behavioral addictions, has become of growing interest in popular media, health policy and scientific research. Nevertheless, there is still considerable controversy with respect to diagnostic criteria and assessment questionnaires, and the diagnosis does not yet appear in any official diagnostic system such as the DSM-5 or ICD-10.

Neuropsychiatrie

The influence of Religious/Spiritual Well-being on Quality of Life in Dermatologic Disease

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Martin Lukanz, Michaela Pilch, Sabina Scharf, Monika Glawischnig-Goschnik, Nora Wutte, Regina Fink-Puches, Elisabeth Aberer

Although the association between spirituality and parameters of health and disease has been investigated extensively, little evidence is available for its potential role in dermatology.1 In order to lay some groundwork, we analysed religious and existential parameters and correlated these with the Quality of Life (QoL) subscales of physical and mental characteristics in different groups of skin disease patients.

British Journal of Dermatology

[Biological basis of problematic internet use (PIN) and therapeutic implications]

Kathrin Bauernhofer, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Elisabeth Weiss

The repetitive excessive use of internet has led to an increasing number of reports about the negative consequences of overuse and is now viewed as an important public health issue, although the diagnosis of internet addiction remains problematic. Increasing knowledge about the neurobiological mechanism of behavioral addictions will promote future research and is essential for the development of specific and effective treatment.

Neuropsychiatrie

White matter integrity in polydrug users in relation to attachment and personality: a controlled diffusion tensor imaging study

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler, Klemens Ragger, Lisa Froehlich, Karl Koschutnig, Helmut Schoeggl, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth Weiss, Andreas Fink

The relationship between substance use disorders (SUD) and brain deficits has been studied extensively. However, there is still a lack of research focusing on the structural neural connectivity in long-term polydrug use disorder (PUD). Since a deficiency in white matter integrity has been reported as being related to various parameters of increased psychopathology, it might be considered an aggravating factor in the treatment of SUD.

Brain Imaging and Behavior