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This paper is intended to provide a background to the development of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-being (MI-RSWB) and then summarise the findings derived from its use with other measures of health and personality. Taken together, this body of research suggests that there is substantial evidence for religiosity and spirituality being positively related to a variety of indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and positively correlated with the personality dimensions of extraversion and negatively correlated with neuroticism. Overall our findings suggest that religiosity and spirituality can play an important role in the process of recovering from mental illness as well as providing a protective function against addictive or suicidal behaviours. However, further research is needed to examine the mechanisms through which religiosity and spirituality has an impact on health related conditions.

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