Introduction: Various disciplines describe hope generally as an essential aspect of being human from birth to death. Hope can take the form of longing and significantly motivate one to adopt a different path in life and it also might serve as part of one’s coping strategy in the therapy process. The study focus was on the concept of hope concerning the immanent and transcendent area of perception. Immanent and transcendent hope should be connected to different parameters of mental health and illness.
Introduction & Theoretical Background: The primary objective was to determine whether religious/spiritual well-being shows a relevant association with Rotter´s concept of locus of control (LOC) among a sample of well characterized addiction patients involved in long term therapy. The internal-external locus of control should be taken as a multidimensional construct and concerns expectancies of control, as they may relate to adjustment and clinical improvement.
Introduction/Theoretical Background: The concept of religious/spiritual well-being was developed via an interdisciplinary approach combining pastoral theology, pastoral psychology and clinical psychology. In the context of Antonovsky’s model of salutogenesis, one of the main aims of this research project concerning the role of religiosity/spirituality in the processes of health and disease was the construction of a multidimensional questionnaire to measure religious/spiritual well-being based on a new theoretical concept.