Introduction: Various disciplines describe hope generally as an essential aspect of being human from birth to death. Hope can take the form of longing and significantly motivate one to adopt a different path in life and it also might serve as part of one’s coping strategy in the therapy process. The study focus was on the concept of hope concerning the immanent and transcendent area of perception. Immanent and transcendent hope should be connected to different parameters of mental health and illness.
Introduction & Theoretical Background: The primary objective was to determine whether religious/spiritual well-being shows a relevant association with Rotter´s concept of locus of control (LOC) among a sample of well characterized addiction patients involved in long term therapy. The internal-external locus of control should be taken as a multidimensional construct and concerns expectancies of control, as they may relate to adjustment and clinical improvement.
Introduction/Theoretical Background: The concept of religious/spiritual well-being was developed via an interdisciplinary approach combining pastoral theology, pastoral psychology and clinical psychology. In the context of Antonovsky’s model of salutogenesis, one of the main aims of this research project concerning the role of religiosity/spirituality in the processes of health and disease was the construction of a multidimensional questionnaire to measure religious/spiritual well-being based on a new theoretical concept.
The Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) was originally developed in German language at the University of Graz (Austria). It deals with the different facets of religiosity and spirituality and their link to psychological well-being. The scale makes a differentiation between the immanent and transcendent field and consists of three subscales relating to the immanent area (Hope Immanent, Forgiveness, and Experiences of Sense and Meaning) and three relating to the transcendent one (General Religiosity, Hope Transcendent, and Connectedness).
Introduction: There has been a steadily growing interest in religious/spiritual issues in several areas of psychology in recent years. However, progress in this field is being hampered by the lack of reliable and valid measures of assessment for different facets
of religiosity/spirituality. Motivated by our positive experience with the German speaking version of the so-called Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, we developed an English-speaking version of this scale (MI-RSWB-E) in order to make it accessible for a broader scientific audience.
The impact of current demographic changes on clinicians work is manifold. The effects of migration range from the need to deal with transcultural issues to religion and spirituality experiencing somewhat of a revival. According to various studies, new cultural settings make certain ethnic minorities more susceptible to mental disorders and psychiatric conditions. Since they are faced with cross-cultural power relations, postcolonial structures and a hegemonic health model, often, they do not receive appropriate psychological or psychotherapeutical treatment.
There is substantial evidence for dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-being (RSWB) being positively related with varying indicators of mental health, including subjective well-being and particular facets of personality structure. It has also been suggested that dimensions of RSWB might play an important role in the development, course and recovery of mental illness. Despite such claims, there have been numerous recordings of delusions and hallucinations adopting a religious nature.