Background: In general religious/spiritual dimensions were found to be negatively correlated with all kinds of psychiatric disorders, and specifically with depression, suicidal ideation and substance abuse. In contrast to this, the goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-being (RSWB) and less favourable aspects of personality, the so-called “Dark Triad” personality traits: narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy together with general deficits in personality structure.
We present the recent research findings of our group that allowed us to investigate the potential links between religiosity/spirituality and different indicators of mental health. Thus this paper represents a synoptic overview of the most important results which were gathered by applying the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) to different personality dimensions and to different facets of subjective well-being and mental health in several studies. The MI-RSWB was applied on different clinical samples (e.g.
In recent years there has been a steadily growing interest of religious/spiritual issues in several areas of psychology; a variety of reliable and valid means of assessing the different facets of religiosity/spirituality have been developed. However, there is still some need for multidimensional approaches. With respect to the positive experience with the German version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, we developed an English version of this scale (MI-RSWB-E) in order to facilitate research in this budding field.
Objectives: To determine if the structure and centrality of the religious/spiritual construct system are associated with personality dimensions and psychopathological symptoms and to make clear any differences between addiction patients, general psychiatric patients and healthy controls? Methods: In total 420 people of both sexes were included in the study.
In total 420 persons of both sexes were examined: Religiosity and spirituality were investigated in clinically well characterized detoxified addicts (N=120), depressive in-patients (N=100), and persons with no psychiatric diagnosis/treatment in their biography (N=200) using a Multidimensional Inventory for Religious-Spiritual Well-Being (MIRSWB 48) in combination with the Centrality Scale (C-Scale) and the Structure of Religiosity Test (RST). Personality dimensions were investigated using the Six Factors of Personality Test (6F Test).
Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the linkage between differences in religious/spiritual well-being to personality and mental illness in psychiatric patients and healthy controls.
Methods: Addiction patients (N=120), depressive patients (N=100) and healthy controls (N=200) were given a multidimensional questionnaire for religious/spiritual well-being in combination with well established measures for personality/psychiatric diagnostics. Data were evaluated using descriptive methods, regression analysis and GLM multivariate.