The purpose of this study was to adapt the Austrian-German version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (mi-rswb) into the Italian language and culture, and to investigate possible associations between the rswb dimensions, “Big Five” personality factors and mental illness within an Italian student sample. Hence, the first Italian translation of the mi-rswb scale was applied on a sample of 412 undergraduate students in three different cities and regions of Italy: Padova (northern Italy), Rome (central Italy), and Palermo (southern Italy).
In recent years there has been a steadily growing interest of religious/spiritual issues in several areas of psychology; a variety of reliable and valid means of assessing the different facets of religiosity/spirituality have been developed. However, there is still some need for multidimensional approaches. With respect to the positive experience with the German version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, we developed an English version of this scale (MI-RSWB-E) in order to facilitate research in this budding field.
Introduction/Theoretical Background: The concept of religious/spiritual well-being was developed via an interdisciplinary approach combining pastoral theology, pastoral psychology and clinical psychology. In the context of Antonovsky’s model of salutogenesis, one of the main aims of this research project concerning the role of religiosity/spirituality in the processes of health and disease was the construction of a multidimensional questionnaire to measure religious/spiritual well-being based on a new theoretical concept.