Hier finden Sie laufend Aktualisierungen unserer Publikationen und Vorträge.


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Sense of coherence is linked to posttraumatic growth after critical incidents in Austrian ambulance personnel

Klemens Ragger, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Günter Herzog, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Background: Ambulance personnel, as well as other emergency services like fire-fighters or the police force, are regularly confronted with experiences of extreme psychological distress and potentially traumatizing events in the line of their daily duties. As a consequence, this occupational group is exposed to an elevated risk of developing symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress (PTSS).… weiter

Journal BMC Psychiatry 2019/03

Die Rolle der Spiritualität in der Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen: Ein systematischer Überblick

Andreas Kimmerle, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Die weltweite Bewegung der Anonymen Alkoholiker hat die spirituelle Dimension als zentral in ihrem Grundkonzept verankert und kann auf eine viele Jahrzehnte dauernde, erfolgreiche Arbeit zurückblicken. Kaum geklärt ist allerdings die empirische Befundlage hinsichtlich der Fragestellung, welche Rolle die Integration einer spirituellen Komponente für die Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen spielen… weiter

Journal Neurotransmitter 2019/01

Depressive Symptoms and Addictive Behaviors in Young Adults After Childhood Trauma: The Mediating Role of Personality Organization and Despair

Jürgen Fuchshuber, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Adelheid Kresse, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Human-Friedirch Unterrainer

Background:There is substantial evidence that traumatic experiences in childhood increase the likelihood of mood pathology and addictive behaviors in adolescence and young adulthood. Furthermore, both forms of psychopathology have been linked to deficiencies in personality organization and a common primary emotion core. In this study, we intended to further investigate these interactions by… weiter

Journal Frontiers in Psychiatry 2018/07

Personality Influences the Relationship Between Primary Emotions and Religious/Spiritual Well-Being

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Heidrun Dröscher, Christian Vajda, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedirch Unterrainer

The study of human emotions and personality provides valuable insights into the p arameters of mental health and well-being. Affective neuroscience proposes thatseveral levels of emotions – ranging from primary ones such as LUST or FEAR up to higher emot ions such as spirituality – interact on a neural level. The present study aimed to furth er explore this theory. Furthermore, we hypothesized… weiter

Journal Frontiers in Psychology 2018/03

Increased attachment security is related to early therapy drop‑out in substance use disorders

Jürgen Fuchshuber, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Klemens Ragger, Anita Rinner, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Objectives: Previous research work suggests a positive association between secure attachment and increased therapy adherence (TA) in different patient groups. However, there is still a strong need for research focusing on the influence of attachment on TA in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Hence, this study attempts to investigate the predictive value of different attachment patterns… weiter

Journal BMC Research Notes 2018/02

Sucht als Bindungsstörung

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Lisa Rogen, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Hintergrund: Wenngleich es bis heute kein allgemein akzeptiertes Modell zur Beschreibung der Entstehung und Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen gibt, stellt die Bindungstheorie bereits seit Jahrzehnten eine bedeutsame Basis für den klinisch-therapeutischen Umgang mit Suchterkrankungen dar. In dieser Arbeit soll ein systematischer Überblick der empirischen Studien zum Zusammenhang zwischen… weiter

Journal Nervenarzt 2017/12

Integrative Gestalttherapie in Österreich. Ausbildungs- und Berufsbedingungen, Kohärenzgefühl und Burn-out

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Chrsitina Gollner, Petra Klampfl, Liselotte Nausner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Hintergrund. Es gibt nur wenige Studien, die sich sowohl mit den verschiedenen Aspekten der Psychotherapieausbildung in Österreich als auch mit dem psychischen Wohlbefinden und der beruflichen Entwicklung von PsychotherapeutInnen beschäftigen.

Ziel der Arbeit. In der vorliegenden, explorativen Arbeit wurden daher AbsolventInnen des Fachspezifikums Integrative Gestalttherapie (IG) des… weiter

Journal Psychotherapeut 2017/10

Short-term Beneficial Effects of 12 Sessions of Neurofeedback on Avoidant Personality Accentuation in the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

Nina Dalkner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Guillerme Wood, Dimitris Skliris, Sandra Johanna Holasek, John Howard Gruzelier, Christa Neuper
Journal Frontiers in Psychology 2017/09

Addiction as an Attachment Disorder: White Matter Impairment Is Linked to Increased Negative Affective States in Poly-Drug Use

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Karl Koschutnig, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Sebastian Tscheschner, Maria Url, Jolana Wagner-Skacel, Eva Z. Reininghaus, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth M. Weiss, Andreas Fink

Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical… weiter

Journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2017/04

Professional and training conditions of Austrian Integrative Gestalt therapists in the context of Sense of Coherence and Burnout

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Christine Gollner, Petra Klampfl, Liselotte Nausner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Background: Only a few studies have been conducted focusing on the different aspects of psychotherapy training as being related to personality variables and professional development. Objectives: Therefore, graduates of Gestalt therapy in Austria have been questioned in regards to psychotherapy training, their current work situation, as well as having their… weiter

Vortrag Gestalt Conference 2016 Taormina 2016/09

Facets of Spirituality Diminish the Positive Relationship between Insecure Attachment and Mood Pathology in Young Adults

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Johanna Falthansl-Scheinecker, Gerhard Birnhuber, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Traditionally, in attachment theory, secure attachment has been linked to parameters of mental health, while insecure attachment has been associated with parameters of psychopathology. Furthermore, spirituality and attachment to God have been discussed as corresponding to, or compensating for, primary attachment experiences. Accordingly, they may contribute to mental health or to mental… weiter

Journal PLOS ONE 2016/07

Spirituality and mood pathology in severe skin conditions: A prospective observational study

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Martin Lukanz, Michaela Pilch, Sabina Scharf, Monika Glawischnig-Goschnik, Nora Wutte, Regina Fink-Puches, Elisabeth Aberer

Although the association between spirituality and parameters of psychological health and disease has been investigated extensively, little evidence is available for its potential role in dermatology. In a single-centre observational prospective study, 149 outpatients (107 women) with systemic sclerosis (SSc; n=44), lupus erythematosus (LE; n=48), or early-stage malignant… weiter

Journal Archives of Dermatological Research 2016/07

Insecure Attachment Styles and Increased Borderline Personality Organization in Substance Use Disorders

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Anita Rinner, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Background: Previous research has linked insecure attachment styles and borderline personality organization to Substance Use Disorder (SUD). However, it still remains unclear whether those… weiter

Journal Psychopathology 2016/07

EEG Neurofeedback Effects in Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa

Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Dimitris Skliris, Sarah Shaheen, Peter Scheer, Marguerite Dunitz-Scheer, Guillereme Wood, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Christa Neuper.

A pre-post design including 22 females was used to evaluate the effectiveness of neurofeedback in the treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa. Resting EEG measures and a psychological test-battery assessing eating behavior traits, clinical symptoms, emotionality, and mood were obtained. While both the experimental (n = 10) and control group (n = 12) received their usual maintenance treatment… weiter

Journal Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention 2016/05

The relationship between Yoga Involvement, Mindfulness and psychological well-being

Lisza Gaiswinkler, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine how different levels of yoga involvement are related to different parameters of mental health and illness. Design and Setting: A total sample of 455 participants (410 females) was investigated by means of an internet survey. 362 yoga practitioners (327 females) rated their degree of yoga involvement on the Yoga… weiter

Journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine 2016/04

Vulnerable Dark Triad Personality Facets Are Associated with Religious Fundamentalist Tendencies

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Johanna Ruttinger, Andrew J. Lewis, Jeromy Anglim, Andreas Fink, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Background: This study explores the possibility that religious fundamentalism (RF) may be linked to deficits in personality structure, which is in contrast to the general assumption that religiosity and spirituality are positively related to mature personality development. Sampling and Methods: To test this hypothesis, 327 (232 female) college students completed the Multidimensional Inventory… weiter

Journal Psychopathology 2016/03

[Neurofeedback in the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa: a Case Report]

Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Dimitris Skliris, Guillereme Wood, Margeruite Dunitz-Scheer, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Peter Jaron Scheer, Christa Neuper

Anorexia nervosa has been related to alterations in brain activity in terms of hyperactive EEG patterns. This case report illustrates the principles and results of a five-week neurofeedback treatment in a 29-year-old woman suffering from anorexia nervosa. A neurofeedback protocol to enhance alpha activity (8 - 12 Hz) was developed and conducted additionally to the standardized treatment for… weiter

Journal Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie 2016/03

The Validation of a Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Inventory of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being in Mexican College Students

Daniela Berger, Andreas Fink, Maria Perez Gomez, Andrew Lewis, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

After the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) was validated as a reliable instrument for the Western European context it is primarily intended in this study to translate the measure into Spanish and adapt it for the Mexican culture. Furthermore we investigate whether spirituality/religiosity has a similar impact on indicators of personality and subjective… weiter

Journal Spanish Journal of Psychology 2016/03

The Relation Between Different Facets of Creativity and the Dark Side of Personality

Phoebe Dahmen-Wassenberg, Monika Kämmerle, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andreas Fink

This study examined the relation between different facets of creativity and personality, focusing on the dark side of personality. In a sample of 247 students, psychometric measures for the assessment of the dark triad of personality (subclinical narcissism, Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy), personality organization (structural deficit: identity diffusion, primitive defenses, reality… weiter

Journal Creativity Research Journal 2016/02

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being in Relation to Personality and Stress Coping: Initial Results From Bosnian Young Adults

Alen Malinovic, Andreas Fink, Andrew James Lewis, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

The aim of this study was to examine possible relationships between religious/spiritual well-being (RSWB), the Big Five personality factors, and stress coping strategies among Bosnian young adults. Therefore, a first Bosnian translation of the Multidimensional Inventory of Religious/Spiritual Well-being was applied on a sample of 290 (181 females) Bosnian undergraduate students. RSWB… weiter

Journal Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health 2016/02

[Problematic internet use (PIN)-a review of assessment questionnaires and risk factors]

Karin Bauernhofer, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Elisabeth Weiss

Internet is nowadays an integral part of our lives. However, excessive internet use, which is in many ways comparable to substance addictions and behavioral addictions, has become of growing interest in popular media, health policy and scientific research. Nevertheless, there is still considerable controversy with respect to diagnostic criteria and assessment questionnaires, and the diagnosis… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2016/01

The influence of Religious/Spiritual Well-being on Quality of Life in Dermatologic Disease

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Martin Lukanz, Michaela Pilch, Sabina Scharf, Monika Glawischnig-Goschnik, Nora Wutte, Regina Fink-Puches, Elisabeth Aberer

Although the association between spirituality and parameters of health and disease has been investigated extensively, little evidence is available for its potential role in dermatology.1 In order to lay some groundwork, we analysed religious and existential parameters and correlated these with the Quality of Life (QoL) subscales of physical and mental characteristics in different… weiter

Journal British Journal of Dermatology 2015/12

White matter integrity in polydrug users in relation to attachment and personality: a controlled diffusion tensor imaging study

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler, Klemens Ragger, Lisa Froehlich, Karl Koschutnig, Helmut Schoeggl, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth Weiss, Andreas Fink

The relationship between substance use disorders (SUD) and brain deficits has been studied extensively. However, there is still a lack of research focusing on the structural neural connectivity in long-term polydrug use disorder (PUD). Since a deficiency in white matter integrity has been reported as being related to various parameters of increased psychopathology, it might be considered an… weiter

Journal Brain Imaging and Behavior 2015/11

[Biological basis of problematic internet use (PIN) and therapeutic implications]

Kathrin Bauernhofer, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Elisabeth Weiss

The repetitive excessive use of internet has led to an increasing number of reports about the negative consequences of overuse and is now viewed as an important public health issue, although the diagnosis of internet addiction remains problematic. Increasing knowledge about the neurobiological mechanism of behavioral addictions will promote future research and is essential for the development… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2015/11

The Effectiveness of Visual Short-Time Neurofeedback on Brain Activity and Clinical Characteristics in Alcohol Use Disorders: Practical Issues and Results.

Nina Lackner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Dimitris Skliris, Guillereme Wood, Sandra Wallner-Liebmann, Christa Neuper, John Howard Gruzelier

The present study was carried out to examine the efficacy of alpha/theta neurofeedback (NF) with a new visual paradigm in a cohort of alcohol use disordered (AUD) patients (n = 25) treated in an Austrian therapeutic community center. The experimental study design focused on changes in absolute and relative resting EEG band power as well as in clinical variables, including depression (Beck… weiter

Journal Clinical EEG and Neuroscience 2015/09

[The relationship between Yoga Immersion, psychological well-being and psychiatric symptoms]

Lisza Gaiswinkler, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andreas Fink, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

BACKGROUND: In recent years positive effects of Yoga (as a kind of spiritual exercise) in regards to subjective well-being and physical health can be found as well documented in the literature. METHOD: Based on a construct-psychological approach a newly developed scale for the assessment of Yoga involvement (immersion) was validated on a sample of 233 non-clinical subjects (210 females)… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2015/03

Creativity and psychopathology: are there similar mental processes involved in creativity and in psychosis-proneness?

Andreas Fink, Mathias Benedek, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth Weiss.

The putative link between creativity and psychopathology is nearly as legendary and mysterious as the long-standing view from antique mythology according to which eminent creative achievements were perceived as the result of a “higher power,” mostly caused by inspiration by muses. In fact, there are many illustrative examples of creative people who… weiter

Journal Frontiers in Psychology 2014/10

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Personality & Mental Health: Initial results from Italian college students

Stefan Stefa-Missaglia, Helmuth Paul Huber, Michaela Sarlo, Andreas Fink, A., Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

The purpose of this study was to adapt the Austrian-German version of the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (mi-rswb) into the Italian language and culture, and to investigate possible associations between the rswb dimensions, “Big Five” personality factors and mental illness within an Italian student sample. Hence, the first Italian translation of the mi-rswb scale… weiter

Journal Archive for the Psychology of Religion 2014/09

The Janus face of Schizotypy: enhanced spiritual connection or existential despair?

Human -Friedrich Unterrainer, Andrew James Lewis

It has been asserted that schizotypy has a negative relationship with subjective well-being.  By employing a multidimensional measure of spiritual well being with 400 British College students we report a more complex relationship. The Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief Version were used and analysis made use of… weiter

Journal Psychiatry Research 2014/07

Religiös/Spirituelles Befinden bei psychisch Kranken III: Erste Ergebnisse einer Körper-zentrierten Achtsamkeitsmeditation in der stationären Rehabilitation

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Andreas J. Eisner, Ewald Pollheimer, Andrea Ackermann, Paul Kaufmann, Andreas Fink, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Anliegen: Die salutogene Wirkung von Religiosität und Spiritualität scheint vor allem in den letzten Jahren durch die Literatur gut belegt. Wenige Studien sind allerdings zur Wirksamkeit einer spirituell basierten therapeutischen Intervention bei psychiatrischen PatientInnen durchgeführt worden. Methode: Aus diesem Grund wurde in dieser Pilotstudie erstmals… weiter

Journal Neuropsychiatrie 2014/07