Titel Publisher

Sense of coherence is linked to posttraumatic growth after critical incidents in Austrian ambulance personnel

Klemens Ragger, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Günter Herzog, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Background: Ambulance personnel, as well as other emergency services like fire-fighters or the police force, are regularly confronted with experiences of extreme psychological distress and potentially traumatizing events in the line of their daily duties. As a consequence, this occupational group is exposed to an elevated risk of developing symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress (PTSS). Subsequently, symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress have been observed as potentially co-occurring with Post-Traumatic Growth (PTG) in ambulance personnel as well.

BMC PsychiatryDownload

Die Rolle der Spiritualität in der Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen: Ein systematischer Überblick

Andreas Kimmerle, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Die weltweite Bewegung der Anonymen Alkoholiker hat die spirituelle Dimension als zentral in ihrem Grundkonzept verankert und kann auf eine viele Jahrzehnte dauernde, erfolgreiche Arbeit zurückblicken. Kaum geklärt ist allerdings die empirische Befundlage hinsichtlich der Fragestellung, welche Rolle die Integration einer spirituellen Komponente für die Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen spielen kann. In diesem Beitrag soll anhand von empirischen Studien ein Überblick zur Bedeutung der spirituellen Dimension im Umgang mit Suchterkrankungen gegeben werden.


Depressive Symptoms and Addictive Behaviors in Young Adults After Childhood Trauma: The Mediating Role of Personality Organization and Despair

Jürgen Fuchshuber, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Adelheid Kresse, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Human-Friedirch Unterrainer

Background:There is substantial evidence that traumatic experiences in childhood increase the likelihood of mood pathology and addictive behaviors in adolescence and young adulthood. Furthermore, both forms of psychopathology have been linked to deficiencies in personality organization and a common primary emotion core. In this study, we intended to further investigate these interactions by assuming a mediating role of personality organization and despair regarding the relationship between childhood trauma and psychiatric symptom burden later in life.

Frontiers in PsychiatryDownload

Personality Influences the Relationship Between Primary Emotions and Religious/Spiritual Well-Being

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Heidrun Dröscher, Christian Vajda, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedirch Unterrainer

The study of human emotions and personality provides valuable insights into the p arameters of mental health and well-being. Affective neuroscience proposes thatseveral levels of emotions ? ranging from primary ones such as LUST or FEAR up to higher emot ions such as spirituality ? interact on a neural level. The present study aimed to furth er explore this theory. Furthermore, we hypothesized that personality ? formedby bottom-up primary emotions and cortical top-down regulation ? might act as a linkbetwe en primary emotions and religious/spiritual well-being.

Frontiers in PsychologyDownload

Increased attachment security is related to early therapy drop?out in substance use disorders

Jürgen Fuchshuber, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Klemens Ragger, Anita Rinner, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Objectives: Previous research work suggests a positive association between secure attachment and increased therapy adherence (TA) in different patient groups. However, there is still a strong need for research focusing on the influence of attachment on TA in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Hence, this study attempts to investigate the predictive value of different attachment patterns concerning TA in SUD inpatients. Results: 122 (34 female) SUD inpatients completed the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) during the entry phase of therapeutic community treatment.

BMC Research NotesDownload

Sucht als Bindungsstörung

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Lisa Rogen, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer

Hintergrund: Wenngleich es bis heute kein allgemein akzeptiertes Modell zur Beschreibung der Entstehung und Behandlung von Suchterkrankungen gibt, stellt die Bindungstheorie bereits seit Jahrzehnten eine bedeutsame Basis für den klinisch-therapeutischen Umgang mit Suchterkrankungen dar. In dieser Arbeit soll ein systematischer Überblick der empirischen Studien zum Zusammenhang zwischen substanzgebundenen Süchten und Störungen des Bindungsverhaltens gegeben werden.


Integrative Gestalttherapie in Österreich. Ausbildungs- und Berufsbedingungen, Kohärenzgefühl und Burn-out

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Chrsitina Gollner, Petra Klampfl, Liselotte Nausner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Hintergrund. Es gibt nur wenige Studien, die sich sowohl mit den verschiedenen Aspekten der Psychotherapieausbildung in Österreich als auch mit dem psychischen Wohlbefinden und der beruflichen Entwicklung von PsychotherapeutInnen beschäftigen.


Short-term Beneficial Effects of 12 Sessions of Neurofeedback on Avoidant Personality Accentuation in the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

Nina Dalkner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Guillerme Wood, Dimitris Skliris, Sandra Johanna Holasek, John Howard Gruzelier, Christa Neuper
Frontiers in PsychologyDownload

Addiction as an Attachment Disorder: White Matter Impairment Is Linked to Increased Negative Affective States in Poly-Drug Use

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Karl Koschutnig, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Sebastian Tscheschner, Maria Url, Jolana Wagner-Skacel, Eva Z. Reininghaus, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth M. Weiss, Andreas Fink

Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls.

Frontiers in Human NeuroscienceDownload

Professional and training conditions of Austrian Integrative Gestalt therapists in the context of Sense of Coherence and Burnout

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Christine Gollner, Petra Klampfl, Liselotte Nausner, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Background: Only a few studies have been conducted focusing on the different aspects of psychotherapy training as being related to personality variables and professional development. Objectives: Therefore, graduates of Gestalt therapy in Austria have been questioned in regards to psychotherapy training, their current work situation, as well as having their Sense of Coherence and Burnout symptoms quantified. Materials and methods: Between October 2015 and April 2016, 62 psychotherapists completed a sociodemographic questionnaire developed in

Gestalt Conference 2016 Taormina

Facets of Spirituality Diminish the Positive Relationship between Insecure Attachment and Mood Pathology in Young Adults

Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Johanna Falthansl-Scheinecker, Gerhard Birnhuber, Andreas Fink, Human-Friedrich Unterrainer

Traditionally, in attachment theory, secure attachment has been linked to parameters of mental health, while insecure attachment has been associated with parameters of psychopathology. Furthermore, spirituality and attachment to God have been discussed as corresponding to, or compensating for, primary attachment experiences. Accordingly, they may contribute to mental health or to mental illness.

PLOS ONEDownload

Spirituality and mood pathology in severe skin conditions: A prospective observational study

Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Martin Lukanz, Michaela Pilch, Sabina Scharf, Monika Glawischnig-Goschnik, Nora Wutte, Regina Fink-Puches, Elisabeth Aberer

Although the association between spirituality and parameters of psychological health and disease has been investigated extensively, little evidence is available for its potential role in dermatology. In a single-centre observational prospective study, 149 outpatients (107 women) with systemic sclerosis (SSc; n=44), lupus erythematosus (LE; n=48), or early-stage malignant melanoma  (MM; n=57) were investigated using the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being together with the Brief Symptom Inventory for psychiatric symptoms (BSI-18).

Archives of Dermatological ResearchDownload